Background: Regular process

2005: the United Nations General Assembly endorsed the need for a regular process for global reporting and assessment of the state of the marine environment, including socio-economic aspects, both current and foreseeable which builds on existing regional assessments. That signified the recognition of the need for global concerted efforts to protect and sustainable manage the world’s global commons and also marked the beginning of concrete, action-oriented process that will ensure sustained, long-term and targeted efforts.

The road to UNGA 60/30 – Regular Process

Year Process
 Two key benchmarks:
1982 1. Third UN Conference on the Law of the Sea, during which several nations signed UNCLOS – 10 December 1982, Montego Bay, Jamaica.
1992 2. United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), June 1992, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Chapter 17 of Agenda 21 addressed the protection of the oceans, and the protection, rational use and development of their living resources.
1999 Review of oceans and all seas by the UN Commission on Sustainable Development. The international community has seen as an important priority better scientific understanding of the oceans and seas and their resources, of the effects of pollution, and of the interaction of the oceans and seas with the world climate system, through facilitating proper assessment of the oceans and seas, improving understanding of socio-economic issues, especially the effects of pollution, developing better systems for the sustainable management and use of the resources of oceans and seas, and comprehending and responding to such events as the El Niño phenomenon and mitigating their impacts.
2001 The Governing Council of UNEP requested the Executive Director in cooperation with the IOC/UNESCO and other appropriate United Nations agencies to explore the feasibility of establishing a regular process for assessing the state of the marine environment, with active involvement by governments and regional agreements, building on ongoing assessment programmes:

  1. Consultative meeting, held in Reykjavik, Iceland, in September 2001.
  2. Technical workshop for establishing a regular process for the global assessment of the marine environment held in Bremen, Germany, in March 2002.
2002 The World Summit on Sustainable Development agreed (paragraph 36 (b) of the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation), to establish a Regular Process under the United Nations for global reporting and assessment of the state of the marine environment, including socio-economic aspects, both current and foreseeable, building on existing regional assessments. The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) later endorsed that paragraph in paragraph 45 of its resolution 57/141.
2004 In accordance with paragraph 64 (a) of UNGA resolution 58/240, a Group of Experts recommended that an Assessment of Assessments be undertaken as part of the start-up phase of the Regular Process.
2005 The second International Workshop on the regular process for global reporting and assessment of the state of the marine environment (New York 13-15 June)considered a number of conclusions about the nature, aims, and output of the Assessment of Assessments, and recommended an organisational structure to include an ad hoc steering group to oversee the execution of the assessment of assessments, two United Nations agencies (UNEP and IOC/UNESCO) to co-lead the process, and a group of experts to take the lead in preparing this Assessment of Assessments.
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